Disease potential was estimated by calculating serotype-specific odds ratios (OR) of a given serotype to be carried during disease compared with healthy children (after adjustment for find more age, ethnicity, previous antibiotic therapy, and season).
Results: A total of 603
and 1504 isolates were obtained from CAAP and healthy children, respectively. A significant OR >1.0 of a specific serotype being carried during disease (suggesting a higher disease potential) was observed with serotypes (by decreasing rank) 1, 5, 22F, 7F, 14, 9V, and 19A. A significant OR <1.0 of being carried during disease (suggesting a lower disease potential) was observed with serotypes 6A, 6B, 23A, and 35B. Carriage of PCV7 serotypes (grouped) during CAAP was highest in age group 6 to 17 months. PCV10 and PCV13 provided significantly higher coverage for both MK 8931 Neuronal Signaling inhibitor 6 to 17 and 18 to 35 month age groups.
Conclusions: It is suggested that
serotypes 1, 5, 7F, 9V, 14, 19A, and 22F have a higher disease potential for childhood pneumonia than do serotypes 6A, 6B, 23A, and 35B.”
“Polymer matrix composites are a promising candidate in tribological applications due to possibility of tailoring their properties with special fillers. The comparative performance of GlassEpoxy (G-E) composites with influence of synthetic fillers such as graphite (Gr) and silicon carbide (SiC) and biobased natural filler jatropha oil cake (JOC) was experimentally investigated. All the composites were fabricated using vacuum-assisted resin infusion (VARI) technique. selleckchem The mechanical properties were studied in accordance with ASTM standards. The three-body abrasive wear studies were carried out with rubber wheel abrasion tester as per ASTM-G65 standard. Two different loads namely
22 N and 32 N with different abrading distances viz, 135, 270, 405, and 540 m are test parameters. The results reveal that addition of JOC in G-E composites has significant influence on wear under varied abrading distance/load. Further, it was found that SiC filled G-E composites exhibited better wear resistance compared to Gr/JOC filled G-E composites. The operating wear mechanisms have been studied by using scanning electron microscopy. (C) 2011 Wiley Periodicals, Inc. J Appl Polym Sci, 2012″
“This work represents a comprehensive attempt to correlate the heteroepitaxial dynamics in experiments with fundamental principles in crystal growth using the kinetic Wulff plot (or v-plot). Selective area growth is employed to monitor the advances of convex and concave facets toward the construction of a comprehensive v-plot as a guidepost for GaN heteroepitaxy. A procedure is developed to apply the experimentally determined kinetic Wulff plots to the interpretation and the design of evolution dynamics in nucleation and island coalescence.