Results: High interobserver correlation was found for femoral anteversion measurement by CT and MRI (r = 0.95 and r = 0.86, respectively; P < .0001 for both). CT and MRI measurements showed high correlation with each other (r = 0.80, P < .0001). However, in 96% of the cases, the CT measurement was larger, with a mean difference of 8.9 degrees (range, -37 degrees to 1.5 degrees). A significant correlation coefficient was found between internal rotation and anteversion angles as measured by CT (r = 0.36,
P < .0001). However, no correlation was found with other hip movement measurements. Abnormal femoral STA-9090 solubility dmso acetabular bony architecture of the hip was found in 64% of the patients; isolated cam impingement was more prevalent in group I, whereas isolated pincer VX-689 mouse impingement was more prevalent in group III (P = .01). Conclusions: Although high correlation was found between anteversion angle measurements by CT and MRI, significant discrepancies in the absolute anteversion number between the 2 techniques suggest that they may not be interchangeable. Furthermore, CT was found to have higher interobserver
reliability than MRI. There was a significant correlation between CT and examination of internal rotation of the hip. Clinically, the findings of the study show that the diagnosis of excessive femoral anteversion or
retroversion should have different thresholds according to MRI and CT measurements; moreover, the diagnosis should not rely exclusively on either examination or radiologic criteria. Level of Evidence: Level III, retrospective comparative study.”
“Penicillin model is a widely used experimental model for epilepsy research. In the present study we aimed to portray a detailed spectral https://www.selleckchem.com/products/citarinostat-acy-241.html analysis of penicillin-induced epileptiform activity in comparison with basal brain activity in anesthetized Wistar rats. Mate Wistar rats were anesthetized with i.p. urethane and connected to an electrocorticogram setup. After a short period of basal activity recording, epileptic focus was induced by injecting 400 IU/2 mu l penicillin-G potassium into the left lateral ventricle while the cortical activity was continuously recorded. Basal activity, latent period and the penicillin-induced epileptiform activity periods were then analyzed using both conventional methods and spectral analysis. Spectral analyses were conducted by dividing the whole spectrum into different frequency bands including delta, theta (slow and fast), alpha-sigma, beta (1 and 2) and gamma (11 and 2) bands.