To our knowledge, no data are available about the prevalence of t

To our knowledge, no data are available about the prevalence of thyroid nodules in female obese patients. The aim of this study was to investigate the prevalence of thyroid nodules in morbidly obese women.

One hundred eight consecutive female obese patients were selected from those referred to our medical and surgery outpatients providing that following criteria were satisfied: (1) affected by morbid obesity (body mass index (BMI) > 40 kg/m(2)); (2) no previous Acalabrutinib diagnosis of thyroid disease; (3) biochemically proven euthyroid state at the time of recruitment. Ninety-seven control subjects, constituted by normo-weight and/or slightly overweight

(BMI a parts per thousand currency signaEuro parts per thousand 30 kg/m(2)) women, should satisfy the above criteria 2 and 3. All the subjects were submitted to ultrasound investigation.

The two

groups of patients displayed no differences for age and fT4 levels. Obese patients clearly showed a lower prevalence of thyroid nodules [odds ratio 0.294, 95% confidence interval 0.206-0.382]. A single nodule was found in 23% of obese patients as compared to 65% of control subjects (p < 0.0001). No difference for age (year) was found between obese and non-obese subjects with nodules (40.5 +/- 8.2 vs. 44.2 +/- 8.9, respectively, p = 0.07).

Our data clearly show a significantly lower prevalence of thyroid nodules in morbidly obese patients. Further studies are needed to confirm and to understand this first observation.”
“Frontoorbital advancement (FOA) improves forehead and superior orbital asymmetry Belnacasan chemical structure associated with unilateral coronal synostosis but has little effect on facial asymmetry. This study compares frontofacial symmetry after FOA and endoscopically assisted suturectomy (ESC) and postoperative helmet therapy.

A retrospective review of 2 cohorts of patients with nonsyndromic unilateral coronal synostosis who had either FOA or ESC was undertaken. Choice selleck chemicals of procedure was determined by age of patient at referral (younger

than 4 months, FOA or ESC; older than 4 months, only FOA). Vectra 3D imaging system (Canfield Imaging Systems, Fairfield, NJ) was used to capture and analyze three-dimensional digital images. Comparative anthropometric measurements were made and statistically analyzed.

Twenty-two patients met the inclusion criteria; 11 underwent ESC at mean age of 2 months (range, 1-4 months) and 11 underwent FOA at mean age of 12 months (range, 8-25 months). Mean age at three-dimensional digital imaging was 45.9 months (range, 18-64 months) for the FOA group and 34.5 months (range, 20-66 months) for the ESC group (P = 0.054).

There was no difference between the 2 groups with regard to supraorbital symmetry (P = 0.54). The ESC group exhibited better facial symmetry in midline deviation (3.6 degrees vs 1.4 degrees; P = 0.018), nasal tip deviation (5.6 degrees vs 2.3 degrees; P = 0.006), and middle facial depth (6.9 vs 4.4 mm; P = 0.042).

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