The extracted principal components (PC) from the descriptor data

The extracted principal components (PC) from the descriptor data matrix of each group can be considered as new sources of amino acid indices. These indices were used as input variables for QSAR study of two dipeptide data sets (58 angiotensin-converting enzyme (ACE) inhibitor activity, and 48 bitter tasting threshold (BIT) activity). Modeling between the indices and biological activity was achieved utilizing segmented principal component regression (SPCR) and segmented partial least squares (SPLS) methods. Both methods resulted in reliable QSAR models. In comparison with conventional principal component

regression (PCR) and partial least square (PLS), the segmented ones produced more predictive models. In addition, the developed models showed better performances with respect to the previously reported models for the same data sets.

It can be concluded that by segmentation of variables and partitioning of the information into informative and redundant parts, it is possible to discard the redundant part of variables and to obtain more appropriate models. (C) 2012 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.”
“Goals: No study to date has evaluated the relationship between coping style, burnout, and psychological functioning among gastroenterologists (GEs). This study aims to explore this relationship.\n\nBackground: Physician stress and burnout are widely studied and associated with notably poorer outcomes for both physicians and their patients. Coping is a multidimensional construct that individuals use to adapt to stressful situations. To mitigate stress, this website physicians may use problem-focused or emotion-focused coping strategies.\n\nStudy: Four hundred ten GE fellows and attending physicians

provided information about their practice, coping styles, level of burnout, psychological distress, job-related self-efficacy, and demographic background. Participants BAY 63-2521 mouse recruited from the American Society of Gastrointestinal Endoscopy membership through email completed a series of online questionnaires.\n\nResults: We found no significant relationships between workload and reported burnout. GEs with greater psychological distress were more likely to have an endoscopic complication in the past year. GEs that use problem-focused coping strategies were less likely to report an event in the past year, although we did not identify a significant predictive relationship between these variables. Significant differences in coping styles existed for sex and having a physician parent. Female GEs were more likely to use problem-focused coping strategies, and GEs with a physician parent were more likely to use emotion-focused strategies. Using problem-focused coping predicted decreased levels of burnout and psychological distress, and increased job-related self-efficacy.

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