Disease progression causing pericardial, pleural, and peritoneal<

Disease progression causing pericardial, pleural, and peritoneal

effusion and syncopal episodes occurred 32 months following radiation therapy, which were treated with pericardectomy and additional radiation therapy. The dog was still alive and doing well 42 months following initial radiation treatment.\n\nClinical Relevance-Conformal radiation therapy provided an additional treatment option for a nonresectable heart base chemodectoma in the dog of this report; conformal radiation therapy was reasonably tolerable and safe. (J Am Vet Med Assoc 2012;241:472-476)”
“Two cats were presented for acute onset of rapidly progressive, bilaterally symmetrical hair loss of the LY333531 chemical structure ventrum and limbs. Alopecia occurred within 2 weeks after accidental skin exposure to diesel oil. The remaining hair epilated easily in affected areas. Denuded skin was strikingly dry and had adherent scale. Erythema and demarcation between affected and normal skin by a liquid-line were present in one case. Above this line, the hair could not

be removed. The head and the footpads were not involved. Systemic signs were not observed. Both cats made a complete recovery without treatment. Histological examination in one cat revealed severe orthokeratotic hyperkeratosis, mild to moderate acanthosis, follicular keratosis, a moderate dermal infiltrate of mast cells and an almost complete absence of sebaceous glands. If skin contact with diesel oil occurs in a cat, thorough washing of skin and haircoat after soaking in prue vegetable oil is recommended.”

find more with cardiovascular disease and their partners expect health buy FG-4592 care providers to provide sexual counseling to assist them in maintaining sexual quality of life. Evidence suggests however, that there is a gap in integrating evidence into practice and that relatively few cardiac patients receive sexual counseling. This can result in negative psychological, physical, and quality of life outcomes for couples who may needlessly decide sexual activity is too risky and cease all sexual activity. Two scientific statements now exist that provide ample guidance to health care providers in discussing this important topic. Using a team approach that includes physicians, nurses, physical therapists, rehabilitation staff, and others is important to ensure that sexual counseling occurs throughout recovery. In addition, several trials using interventional approaches for sexual counseling provide insight into successful approaches for sexual counseling in practice. This article provides practical strategies and evidence-based approaches for assessment and sexual counseling for all cardiac patients and their partners, and specific counseling for those with ischemic conditions, heart failure, and implanted devices.”
“SmgGDS is a guanine nucleotide exchange factor with the unique ability to activate multiple small GTPases, implicating it in cancer development and progression.

ON cone bipolar cell axonal ribbons drive bistratified ONOFF gang

ON cone bipolar cell axonal ribbons drive bistratified ONOFF ganglion cells in the OFF layer and provide ON drive to polarity-appropriate targets such as bistratified diving ganglion cells (bsdGCs). The targeting precision of www.selleckchem.com/products/Nutlin-3.html ON cone bipolar cell axonal synapses shows that this drive incidence is necessarily

a joint distribution of cone bipolar cell axonal frequency and target cell trajectories through a given volume of the OFF layer. Such joint distribution sampling is likely common when targets are sparser than sources and when sources are coupled, as are ON cone bipolar cells. J. Comp. Neurol. 521:9771000, 2013. (c) 2012 Wiley Periodicals, Inc.”
“Background: Because breast cancer is a major public health issue, it is particularly important to measure the quality of the care provided to patients. Survival PD-1/PD-L1 inhibitor clinical trial rates are affected by the timeliness of care, and waiting times constitute key quality criteria. The aim of this study was to develop

and validate a set of quality indicators (QIs) relative to the timeliness and organisation of care in new patients with infiltrating, non-inflammatory and metastasis-free breast cancer undergoing surgery. The ultimate aim was to use these QIs to compare hospitals.\n\nMethods: The method of QI construction and testing was developed by COMPAQ-HPST. We first derived a set of 8 QIs from consensus guidelines with the aid of experts and professional associations and then tested their metrological properties in a panel of 60 volunteer hospitals. We assessed feasibility using a grid exploring 5 dimensions, discriminatory power using the Gini coefficient as a measure of dispersion, and inter-observer reliability using the Kappa coefficient.\n\nResults: Overall, 3728 records were included in the analyses. All 8 QIs showed acceptable feasibility (but one QI was subject to misinterpretation), fairly strong agreement between observers (Kappa = 0.66), and wide variations in implementation among hospitals (Gini coefficient < 0.45 except for QI 6 (patient information)). They are thus suitable

for use to compare hospitals and measure quality improvement.\n\nConclusions: Of the 8 QIs, 3 are ready for nationwide implementation (time this website to surgery, time to postoperative multidisciplinary team meeting (MDTM), conformity of MDTM). Four are suitable for use only in hospitals offering surgery with on-site postoperative treatment (waiting time to first appointment after surgery, patient information, time to first postoperative treatment, and traceability of information relating to prognosis). Currently, in the French healthcare system, a patient receives cancer care from different institutions whose databases cannot as yet be easily merged. Nationwide implementation of QIs covering the entire care pathway will thus be a challenge.”
“Synchronous bronchial carcinoid tumor and giant bullae are rare entities. In this article, we report a 62-year-old male presenting with dyspnea, cough and chest pain.

She was submitted to a clinical examination and a routine allergi

She was submitted to a clinical examination and a routine allergic test, performing

also specific IgE (Phadia Pharmacia ImmunoCap) and BAT (Basophil Activation BTSA1 Test) for Beta-lactam antibiotics. Results: A positive response to piperacillin was observed in our case using BAT, a new non-invasive and safe method, that proved useful for diagnosis of allergy. Moreover, we observed a change from an allergic reaction for therapeutic use of amoxicillin to a work-related adverse reaction to another beta-lactam, piperacillin. Conclusions: In previous clinical cases cutaneous and specific challenge tests were performed for diagnosis. At present, availability of an in vitro test, such as BAT, may provide new diagnostic opportunities, and a useful tool for studying clinical cases other than, in perspective, monitoring exposed workers. Preventive measures were taken in the workplace to lower the risk of sensitization and allergic response. The nurse was transferred to a well controlled job.”
“A nontoxigenic strain isolated from a fatal human case of bacterial sepsis was identified as a Clostridium strain from Clostridium botulinum group III, based on the phenotypic

characters and 16S rRNA gene sequence, and was found to be related to the mosaic C. botulinum Apoptosis Compound Library cost D/C strain according to a multilocus sequence analysis of 5 housekeeping genes.”
“Objective: To assess the prognostic impact of weight loss on clinical outcomes in patients with coronary artery disease (CAD). Methods: We performed a systematic review and meta-analysis of the prognostic effects of weight loss in patients with CAD on a composite outcome of SCH 900776 all-cause mortality, cardiovascular mortality, and major adverse cardiac events considering studies published between January 1, 1964, and August 8, 2013. We considered weight loss “intentional” when it occurred in the presence of programmed therapeutic lifestyle changes and “observational” when no such intervention was specified. Results: We searched 1218 abstracts, of which 12 studies with 14 cohorts met the inclusion criteria.

A total of 35,335 patients (mean age, 64 years; 72% male; body mass index [BMI], 30; 3.2 years of follow-up) were included. Overall, weight loss was associated with a greater risk of the composite outcome (relative risk [RR], 1.30; 95% CI, 1.00-1.69; P=.05). However, heterogeneity was high (I-2 = 90%) and was substantially explained by weight loss intentionality. Presumed intentional weight loss (4 cohorts) was associated with improved outcomes (RR, 0.67; 95% CI, 0.56-0.80; P smaller than .001), whereas observational weight loss (10 cohorts) was associated with worsened outcomes (RR, 1.62; 95% CI, 1.26-2.08; P smaller than .001; interaction P smaller than .001). Conclusion: Whereas observational weight loss is associated with increased adverse cardiovascular events, intentional weight loss is associated with lower clinical events.

Receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curves were used to defin

Receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curves were used to define an optimal cut-off value of maximum TBF (mTBF) values for subgrouping in low-perfused and high-perfused gliomas. KaplanMeier curves and Cox proportional hazard regression model were used to determine the prognostic value of mTBF for EFS. An optimal mTBF cut-off value of 182 ml/100 g/min (sensitivity =83%, specificity =100%) was determined. Patients with low-perfused gliomas had significantly longer EFS compared to patients with high-perfused gliomas (p =0.0012)

NVP-BSK805 datasheet independent of the WHO glioma grade. Quantified mTBF values obtained by ASL offer a new and totally non-invasive marker to prognosticate the EFS, independently on histopathological tumor grading, in patients with gliomas.”
“Calcific aortic stenosis Anlotinib chemical structure is a slowly progressive disorder characterized by an important extracellular matrix remodeling with fibrosis and massive deposition of minerals (primarily

calcium) in the valve leaflet. The main structural components of human aortic valve are the large, thick collagen bundles that withstand the diastolic loading. Collagen has been studied in a number of reports that aim to clarify the mechanisms underlying the structural deterioration of heart valve substitutes, however to date, little is known regarding the morphological interaction between collagen and mineral crystals in the calcifying tissue of native aortic valve. Here, we have analyzed a total of 12 calcified native aortic valves by using scanning electron microscopy (SEM) with Energy Dispersive X-Ray Analysis (EDX) to depict the morphological appearance of mineralized collagen and to determine the location of calcium phosphate

minerals in the collagen matrix of the valve cusp. Our results demonstrate that crystals probably nucleate and grow in the interior of the collagen fibers in the absence of surface events.”
“Background. Aspirin is one of the main therapeutics in prevention of cardiovascular events due to its antiplatelet activity. However, a sufficient inhibition of platelet function by aspirin is not always achieved. This means that the extent of MI-503 protection from cardiovascular event is limited. Recently, several studies have introduced the concept of residual platelet reactivity during aspirin therapy and suggested that about 40% of aspirin users may not respond adequately. We sought to determine whether the profile and prevalence of residual platelet reactivity, measured with the platelet function analyzer (PFA-100; Dade/Behring, Marburg, Germany) device could predict a recurrent cardiovascular event in patients undergoing coronary artery bypass surgery.\n\nMethods. A cohort of 202 consecutive patients receiving primary coronary artery bypass surgery during 2004 was prospectively recruited. All patients postoperatively received regular standard daily 100 mg aspirin.

We present data showing

that Egmuc peptides were capable

We present data showing

that Egmuc peptides were capable of inducing an increase of activated NK cells in the spleen of immunized mice, a fact that was correlated with the capacity of splenocytes to mediate killing of tumor cells. We demonstrated that Egmuc peptides enhance LPS-induced maturation of dendritic cells in vitro by increasing the production of IL-12p40p70 and IL-6 and that Egmuc-treated DCs may activate NK cells, as judged by an increased expression of CD69. This evidence may contribute to the design of tumor vaccines and open new horizons in the use of parasite-derived molecules in the fight against cancer.”
“Look AHEAD (Action for Health in Diabetes) is a randomized trial determining

whether intensive lifestyle intervention (ILI) aimed at long-term weight loss and increased physical fitness reduces cardiovascular IWR-1-endo datasheet morbidity and mortality in overweight and obese individuals with type 2 diabetes compared to control (diabetes support and education, DSE). We investigated the correlates of N-terminal pro-brain natriuretic peptide (NT-proBNP), a biomarker associated with heart failure (HF) risk, in a subsample from 15 of 16 participating centers and tested the hypothesis that ILI decreased NT-proBNP levels. Baseline and 1-year blood samples were assayed for NT-proBNP in a random sample of 1,500 without, and all 628 with, self-reported baseline CVD (cardiovascular www.selleckchem.com/products/dinaciclib-sch727965.html disease) (N = 2,128). Linear models were used to assess relationships that log-transformed NT-proBNP had with CVD risk factors at baseline

and that 1-year changes in NT-proBNP had with intervention assignment. At baseline, the mean (s.d.) age, BMI, and hemoglobin A(1c) (HbA(1c)) were 59.6 (6.8) years, 36.0 kg/m(2) (5.8), and 7.2% (1.1), respectively. Baseline geometric mean NT-proBNP was not different by condition (ILI 53.3 vs. DSE 51.5, P = 0.45), was not associated with BMI, and was inversely associated with HbA(1c). At 1 year, ILI participants achieved an average weight loss of 8.3% compared to 0.7% in DSE. At 1 year, NT-proBNP levels increased to a greater extent in IPI-145 nmr the intervention arm (ILI + 21.3% vs. DSE + 14.2%, P = 0.046). The increased NT-proBNP associated with ILI was correlated with changes in HbA(1c), BMI, and body composition. In conclusion, among overweight and obese persons with diabetes, an ILI that reduced weight was associated with an increased NT-proBNP.”
“An understanding of statistics is essential for analysis of many types of data including data sets typically reported in surgical pathology research papers. Fortunately, a relatively small number of statistical tests apply to data relevant to surgical pathologists. An understanding of when to apply these tests would greatly benefit surgical pathologists who read and/or write papers.

In conclusion, EHEC O111 can cause severe illness in children and

In conclusion, EHEC O111 can cause severe illness in children and adults, and the prognosis becomes poorer as the severity of complications increases. Close monitoring including platelet counts and LDH are useful. Once these clinical

parameters change, intensive treatment should be provided to prevent the development of severe complications.”
“Objectives. – To analyse the prevalence of abnormal papsmears in a primary care center and the screening practices. Materials and methods. – Single-center retrospective study on 1,430 FCU performed in 1,251 patients between January 2009 and check details December 2011 with analysis of demographic, clinical and epidemiological chararacteristics of the women, and the monitoring GDC-0068 of the patients with pathological papsmears. Results. – The study population was predominantly young (under 25), unmarried, nulliparous, and using contraception. Among the 1,244 FCU, nearly 90% of them were interpretable with the junction area interested. Nine percent were pathological with mainly ASC-US and L-SIL (3.5% and 4.5%) with no difference between more and less than 25 years. Two factors were significantly associated with the presence of pathological papsmear: first intercourse before age 14 and smoking more than 10 cigarettes per day. Monitoring of patients with a pathological papsmear showed that 33% of patients had not an appropriate follow-up especially younger patients. Discussion. – To perform papsmear

before 25 years because the patient has associated high risk HPV co-factors does not appear justified by the severity or frequency of cytological lesions, especially as it increases the financial cost and is responsible of potential deleterious actions such as conizations probably excessive among the youngest patients. Personalized monitoring of these patients with a pathological papsmear is required. The French practice recommendations on cervical cancer screening Screening Library (first screening at age 25, 26 years cytological control then every 3 years up to 65 years in patients who have or have

had sex) deserve to be applied in young and disadvantaged patients. (C) 2013 Elsevier Masson SAS. All rights reserved.”
“Endocrine tumors were considered relatively infrequent neoplasms. However, during the last decades, their frequency gradually increased. The use of imaging techniques, guided FNA biopsy, an endoscope camera in the investigation of endocrine lesions, permits early diagnosis. At the histological level, new applications such as non-biotin containing immunohistochemical detection systems, tyramide amplification method, in situ hybridization, FISH, CGH, and other molecular techniques have provided better knowledge on the protein and molecular background. The investigation of somatostatin and dopamine receptors assists targeted therapy of endocrine tumors. Novel treatment modalities have emerged for the management of pituitary and gastroenteropancreatic tumors respectively.

Single point mutations enhance the amyloidogenicity of TTR, causi

Single point mutations enhance the amyloidogenicity of TTR, causing familial amyloid cardiomyopathy, familial amyloid polyneuropathy,

and central nervous system selective amyloidosis. To date, nearly 200 X-ray crystal structures of TTR and their complexes have been solved. They have provided potential insights into its structure-function relationships with molecular partners, and its interactions with small molecule ligands that inhibit tetramer destabilization and amyloid formation. This review will focus on the key findings of the structural studies of TTR that provided atomic level description of its architecture, the mechanistic role of structural components involved in its function and misfolding, and the progress and limitations towards the design of selective inhibitors for TTR amyloidoses.”
“A diagnosis of invasive candidiasis can be achieved using conventional approaches (microscopy, Culture, serology), as well as new methods, including MK0683 DUB inhibitor antigen detection and polymerase chain reaction (PCR) assays. Most of the conventional approaches lack sensitivity, especially for obtaining a diagnosis of invasive candidiasis in immunocompromised patients. Antigen detection and PCR assays represent a valid alternative, in terms of their high potential sensitivity and specificity, but these

procedures still need to be standardized and evaluated in a large number of patients.”
“Marine Protected Areas MPA have been widely used over the last 2 decades to address human impacts on marine habitats within an ecosystem management context. Few studies have quantified recovery of temperate rocky reef communities following the cessation of scallop dredging or demersal trawling. This is critical information for the future management of these habitats to contribute towards conservation and fisheries targets.

The Lyme Bay MPA, in south west UK, has excluded towed demersal fishing gear from 206 km(2) of sensitive reef habitat using a Statutory Instrument since July 2008. To assess benthic recovery in this MPA we used a flying video array to survey macro epi-benthos annually from 2008 to 2011. 4 treatments (the New Closure, previously voluntarily Closed Controls and Near or Far Open to fishing Controls) were sampled to test a recovery hypothesis β-Nicotinamide concentration that was defined as ‘the New Closure becoming more similar to the Closed Controls and less similar to the Open Controls’. Following the cessation of towed demersal fishing, within three years positive responses were observed for species richness, total abundance, assemblage composition and seven of 13 indicator taxa. Definitive evidence of recovery was noted for species richness and three of the indicator taxa (Pentapora fascialis, Phallusia mammillata and Pecten maximus). While it is hoped that MPAs, which exclude anthropogenic disturbance, will allow functional restoration of goods and services provided by benthic communities, it is an unknown for temperate reef systems.

These results add molecular insights into turbot immune response

These results add molecular insights into turbot immune response induced by megalocytivirus and provide candidate proteins with application potentials in the control of megalocytivirus-associated disease. (C) 2013 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.”
“center dot Tomorrow’s Doctors provides overarching outcomes for undergraduate medical students on prescribing skills; however, detailed learning outcomes are not available.\n\nWHAT THIS STUDY ADDS\n\ncenter dot This study provides additional guidance for medical schools and teachers by

setting out detailed learning outcomes for prescribing.\n\ncenter dot The outcomes reflect the recent emphasis on teamwork and communication, as well as the need to minimize medication errors.\n\ncenter dot This is a further step towards defining practical AZD8931 price prescribing competence.\n\nAIMS\n\nThe question of whether new medical graduates are adequately prepared for the challenge of prescribing has been raised. Although broad outcomes for prescribing competency have been agreed, clarity is needed on the detailed outcomes expected of new Kinase Inhibitor Library graduates. This study aimed to create a consensus on the

required competencies for new graduates in the area of prescribing.\n\nMETHODS\n\nWe used a modified Delphi approach based on the findings of a systematic review of educational interventions for improved prescribing. Panellists were asked to rank the importance of a list of 53 possible learning outcomes and to add any additional outcomes felt

to be missing.\n\nRESULTS\n\nOf the 48 experts who were invited to participate, CAL-101 cost 28 agreed (58%). Forty-five learning outcomes were included from the original list of 53. A further nine outcomes were suggested by panellists, of which five were included. The wording of three outcomes was changed in line with suggestions from the panellists. Many of the agreed outcomes relate to improving patient safety through medication review, checking appropriateness of the drug for the patient, recognizing the prescriber’s limitations and seeking advice when needed. Enhanced communication with the patient and healthcare team, better documentation in the notes and discharge letters were key areas featured in this Delphi exercise.\n\nDISCUSSION\n\nThis study has identified 50 learning outcomes for teaching prescribing. These build on the existing British Pharmacological Society document by focusing specifically on prescribing, with greater emphasis on avoiding medication errors and better communication.”
“Little is known on the difference in the incidence of vulvar and vaginal melanomas in various racial/ethnic groups. Population-based incidence of these melanomas in Asian and Hispanic individuals is almost unknown.

A gradual increase of wound fluid nitrates, NO(x) and malondialde

A gradual increase of wound fluid nitrates, NO(x) and malondialdehyde suggested the increases of both NO and free oxygen radicals production. Interestingly, wound fluid nitrites peaked at the first day decreasing to the corresponding plasma levels thereafter.

Wound fluid nitrite to nitrate molar ratio gradually decreased and negatively correlated both with the number of apoptotic cells (r = -0.752, p < 0.05) and malondialdehyde (r = -0.694, p < 0.05) levels. In conclusion, the inversely proportional relation between nitrite to nitrate molar ratio and both malondialdehyde and apoptotic cell number indicated a mutual relationship between NO metabolism, I-BET-762 manufacturer oxidative cell damages and cell apoptosis at the wound site early after the cutaneous wound. Moreover, the obtained findings suggest that measurement of both nitrites and nitrates contribute to better insight into overall wound NO metabolism. (C) 2009 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.”
“Scytalidium dimidiatum NVP-LDE225 is mainly responsible for human skin and nail infections but the mould has also been reported for invasive infections in immunocompromised individuals. We report a young immunocompetent individual diagnosed with

invasive non-traumatic Scytalidium dimidiatum infection involving the left orbital cavity and maxillary sinus.”
“The objective of the study was to assess the feasibility and outcome of laparoscopic surgery for management of extremely large ovarian cysts using the SAND balloon catheter. From January 2006 to December 2009,25 patients with large cystic adnexal tumors underwent laparoscopic-assisted surgery using the SAND balloon catheter. Median (range) patient age was 43 (20-68) years, body mass index was 25 (19-32), mass size was 26 cm (15-60 cm), duration of the surgical

procedure was 60(30-300) minutes), and blood loss was 30(10-100) mL. There were no major surgical complications. Intra-abdominal leakage of cyst fluid was observed in only 1 case (4%). With proper patient selection, the SAND balloon catheter can be extremely useful in laparoscopic removal of very large adnexal masses, without intraperitoneal spillage. Journal of Minimally Invasive Gynecology (2011) 18,779-784 (C) 2011 AAGL. All rights reserved.”
“Purpose: The purpose LY294002 solubility dmso of this study was to evaluate the clinical outcome of arthroscopic suture fixation for tibial eminence fractures in adults. Methods: Twelve patients with a mean age of 29.9 years (range, 18 to 45 years) were prospectively followed up after arthroscopic suture fixation for tibial eminence fractures. Along with clinical examination, Lysholm, Tegner, and International Knee Documentation Committee (IKDC) rating scales were used to evaluate the patients. Anteroposterior knee laxity was measured with a Rolimeter (Aircast, Vista, CA), and range of motion was measured with a goniometer. Results: Patients were followed up for a mean of 50 months (range, 25 to 69 months).

Conclusions: The rash spread and numbered 50 to 150 lesions o

\n\nConclusions: The rash spread and numbered 50 to 150 lesions on day 2. Instead, the typical rash was expected to appear in three successive crops of lesions throughout the first week. The disease usually numbers approximately 250-500 lesions in unvaccinated healthy persons. Frozen breast milk may

shorten chickenpox duration.”
“Eugenol is a phenylpropanoid with many pharmacological activities, but its anti-hyperglycemic activity is not yet fully explored. For in vitro study, HepG2 cells and primary rat hepatocytes were used, and glucose production was induced by adding 100 nM of glucagon in the presence of gluconeogenic substrates. In animal study, hyperglycemia was induced by high fat diet (HFD) in male C57BL/6J mice, and eugenol was orally administered at 20 or 40 mg per kg (E20, ACY-738 ic50 E40) for 15 weeks. Eugenol significantly inhibited glucagon-induced Salubrinal mw glucose production and phosphorylated AMPK in the HepG2 and primary rat hepatocytes, and these effects were reversed in the presence of compound C (an AMPK inhibitor) or STO-609 (a CAMKK inhibitor). In addition, the protein and gene expression levels of CREB, CRTC2 . CREB complex, PGC-1 alpha, PEPCK and G6Pase were all significantly suppressed. Moreover, inhibition of AMPK by over-expression

of dominant negative AMPK prevented eugenol from suppressions of gluconeogenic gene expression and hepatic glucose production. In animal study, plasma glucose and insulin levels of the E40 group were decreased by 31% and 63%, respectively, when compared to those of HFD control. In pyruvate tolerance tests, pyruvate-induced glucose excursions were decreased, indicating that the anti-hyperglycemic activity of eugenol is primarily due to the suppression of hepatic

gluconeogenesis. In summary, eugenol effectively ameliorates hyperglycemia through inhibition Evofosfamide of hepatic gluconeogenesis via modulating CAMKK-AMPK-CREB signaling pathway. Eugenol or eugenol-containing medicinal plants could represent a promising therapeutic agent to prevent type 2 diabetes. (C) 2014 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.”
“It is thought that calcium (Ca) and magnesium (Mg) may be related to mental disorders such as depression; however, there have been few studies investigating the association between Ca and Mg nutrition status with depression in middle-aged female adults. Study subjects in this study included 105 women between the ages of 41 and 57 years. The subjects were divided into three groups according to the Zung Self-rating Depression Scale (SDS) score: Group I (SDS score < 33 percentile; n = 32), Group II (33 percentile <= SDS score < 67 percentile; n = 37), and Group III (67 percentile <= SDS score; n = 36). Anthropometric measurements, dietary intake survey using 3-day dietary records, SDS questionnaire and measurement of serum Ca and Mg were obtained and analyzed. No differences were observed in Ca, plant Ca, and Mg intake among the three groups.